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Assignment: MOD 6 The Structural Functions of The Kidney Analysis Assignment: MOD 6 The Structural Functions of The Kidney Analysis Assignment: MOD 6 The Structural Functions of The Kidney Analysis Question Description I don’t know how to handle this Biology question and need guidance. Prompt: For this forum, form your thread by writing a paragraph addressing each of the following 2 topics: Offer a brief summary of the video presentation you submitted in Module/Week 6. Identify the organ and give a brief summary of the structure, function, and pathologies you presented. Share your thoughts about the experience of researching the organ, sites that were helpful, and how this video presentation has affected your thoughts on the area of medicine and research you are interested in. What Are the Kidneys? A pair of bean-shaped organs, the kidneys sit in the flanks, closer to the spine than to your belly. They are located just underneath your diaphragm and rib cage. They normally range in size from 8 to 14 centimeters (or 3 to 5.5 inches). Each kidney weighs between 120 grams (about a quarter-pound) to 170 grams (0.4 lbs). These numbers vary based on a person’s size, and abnormal-sized kidneys could be a sign of kidney disease. About 380 gallons (1,440 liters) of blood flow through the kidneys every day. What the Kidneys Do Your kidneys are silent workhorses, toiling 24/7 to clean your blood of impurities and toxins that build up from the body’s metabolism. This waste fluid, which we know better as urine, is then excreted. However, the kidneys’ role extends to well beyond just “making urine.” They are your body’s very own laboratories that “test” your blood continuously to make sure every electrolyte’s concentration is within the specific range that is necessary for your body to function. As an example, let’s consider an electrolyte in your blood, like potassium. Potassium is an electrolyte whose concentration needs to be within a tight range for your heart to generate its normal electric impulses. These impulses cause the heart to beat at a set rhythm or Assignment MOD 6 The Structural Functions of The Kidney Analysis pulse. Both high or low potassium can interfere with this electricity generation and cause your heart to go into an abnormal rhythm. This abnormal rhythm, called arrhythmia, is life-threatening and could cause a person to drop dead in a matter of seconds. However, this does not happen in normal circumstances, because the moment the kidneys detect a rise in the blood’s potassium concentration, they dump the extra potassium into urine, thus keeping the potassium level constant in the blood. If it weren’t for your kidneys, a typical meal that you eat could turn out to be a life-endangering experience owing to its potassium content. Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our Verified MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS: Assignment: MOD 6 The Structural Functions of The Kidney Analysis Another important function that the kidneys have is maintaining the blood’s water concentration. The kidneys accomplish this by conserving or excreting the amount of water in your blood. You might have noticed that if you spend a day, for example, playing golf under a hot sun without drinking enough water, your urine will tend to look dark and concentrated. Conversely, if it’s cold outside, the amount of water lost in sweat is greatly reduced, and your urine looks clear. The volume of urine goes up as well. These changes in your urine’s concentration and volume are regulated by your kidneys. The kidneys’ ability to make these changes is one of the reasons that life was able to adapt from the oceans to land, eons ago. Here are some other functions the kidneys serve: They produce a hormone that is essential to make red blood cells, called “erythropoietin” They make sure your bones stay healthy by producing a form of vitamin D They dump excess acid, which is generated from normal metabolism, out from your system Very importantly, they control your blood pressure As you might imagine, all of these functions can go haywire in kidney disease, hence leading to the usual signs and symptoms that one sees in patients with kidney dysfunction. Order Now