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Assignment: Gopnik & Graf Article Summary Assignment: Gopnik & Graf Article Summary Assignment: Gopnik & Graf Article Summary Description Write a summary of the Gopnik & Graf (1988) article Your summary should be broken down into three separate sections, summarizing the relevant parts of the article. 1) In the introduction section, your overall goal is to provide the rationale for the study – why is this study being conducted, and what question will it answer? This involves (A) stating the general research topic, (B) describing the major theories and/or past studies relevant to this topic, and (C) describing what question remains, that this study will address. 2) In the method section, give a brief description of (A) the participants, (B) the materials (measures, apparatuses, etc.), and (C) the procedures (what was done). 3) In the results/discussion section, describe (A) what the study found, (B) how this answers the question raised in the introduction, and (C) how this relates to the earlier studies and/or theories described in the introduction. You do not need to read the results section in detail to do this well – results are summarized in the Discussion section of the article. Throughout your summary, break things down into plain language, avoiding highly technical language. Write as if you were explaining something to a younger sibling or grandparent with no technical training. (If you’re not sure what something means, be sure to ask about it in class, office hours, or via email!) Knowing How You Know: Young Children’s Ability to Identify and Remember the Sources of Their Beliefs Author(s): Alison Gopnik and Peter Graf Source: Child Development , Oct., 1988, Vol. 59, No. 5 (Oct., 1988), pp. 1366-1371 Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/1130499 REFERENCES Linked references are available on JSTOR for this article: https://www.jstor.org/stable/1130499?seq=1&cid=pdfreference#references_tab_contents You Assignment Gopnik & Graf Article Summary may need to log in to JSTOR to access the linked references. JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at https://about.jstor.org/terms Society for Research in Child Development and Wiley are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Child Development This content downloaded from 98.182.28.27 on Wed, 16 Feb 2022 23:48:34 UTC All use subject to https://about.jstor.org/terms Knowing How You Know: Young Children’s Ability to Identify and Remember the Sources of Their Beliefs Alison Gopnik University of Toronto Peter Graf University of British Columbia GOPNIK, ALISON, and GRAF, PETER. Knowing How You Know: Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our Verified MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS: Assignment: Gopnik & Graf Article Summary Young Children’s Ability to Iden and Remember the Sources of Their Beliefs. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1988, 59, 1366-1371. Yo children’s understanding of the sources of their beliefs was investigated. 3, 4, and 5-year- learned about the contents of a drawer in 3 different ways: they saw the contents, were told a them, or inferred their identity from a clue. Children were then asked, immediately and after a b delay, how they knew about the contents of the drawer. 3-year-olds had difficulty identifying sources of their knowledge, while 5-year-olds did not. Moreover, even 3-year-olds who could c rectly identify the source immediately had difficulty remembering the source after a delay. Ex training in identifying sources did not improve the 3-year-olds’ performance. These results sup the hypothesis that children learn about the causal relation between the world and the m between 3 and 5 years of age. When adults form a new belief about the the world and mental representations of the world, they understand and often remember world, such as beliefs (Flavell, 1988; Forguhow they got that belief. They know whether son & Gopnik, 1988; Perner, 1988; Wellman, it is based on what someone told them, on an 1988), but that this ability develops between inference they made, or on something they the ages of 3 and 5. If young children are saw with their own eyes. Knowing about the unable to understand the sources of their besource of a belief plays an important role in liefs, this would provide support for this view. evaluating the belief and in deciding how However, if children were consistently able trustworthy or justified it is and how easily it to identify the sources of their beliefs, this should be discarded. The social psychological view would have to be seriously revised. Order Now